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National Skin Cancer Awareness Month and Summer Sun Safety

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With the summer season fast approaching, it’s vital to remember that May is National Skin Cancer Awareness Month. The sun’s rays, although enjoyable, can have dangerous consequences for our skin. Let’s delve into skin cancer types, prevalence, risk factors, and, most importantly – prevention.

Types of Skin Cancer

The three primary skin cancer types are melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.


Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer and occurs when melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells, mutate and become cancerous. Melanoma can appear as a new mole or growth or develop from an existing mole. While it accounts for a smaller percentage of skin cancer cases, melanoma is responsible for most skin cancer-related deaths.

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer. It develops in the basal cells found in the lower layer of the epidermis. BCC is slow-growing and rarely spreads to other parts of the body. However, if left untreated, it can cause significant local damage.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) originates from the squamous cells found in the skin’s outermost layer and is the second most common form of skin cancer. Although SCC is typically slow-growing, it can become aggressive and spread to other body parts if not treated promptly.

Each type has its unique characteristics and risks, but they all underscore the importance of vigilance and early detection. By staying informed and proactive, you can take the necessary steps to protect yourself and your loved ones from the potentially devastating effects of skin cancer.

Prevalence and Risk Factors

The prevalence of skin cancer and its associated risk factors is critical to understanding this pervasive health concern. With staggering statistics and the undeniable link between sun exposure and skin cancer development, it’s crucial to comprehend the magnitude of the issue and take appropriate measures to protect ourselves and our loved ones.

Skin Cancer Statistics

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, affecting one in five Americans in their lifetime. Over 5 million cases of nonmelanoma skin cancers are treated annually, with melanoma accounting for around 200,000 cases.

Sun Exposure and Tanning Beds

Tanning beds and exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation are the leading risk factors for skin cancer. According to the World Health Organization, approximately 90% of nonmelanoma skin cancers and 86% of melanomas are linked to UV radiation exposure. Tanning beds are particularly dangerous, as they increase the risk of melanoma by 59%.

The high prevalence of skin cancer in the United States, combined with the significant role that sun exposure and tanning beds play in its development, cannot be overlooked. Armed with this knowledge, we can make informed decisions about our skin health and take preventative measures to reduce our risk of developing this potentially life-altering disease.

Preventative Measures

Protecting your skin from the sun’s harmful rays is essential in reducing the risk of skin cancer. Here are some ways to protect yourself:


Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 to all exposed skin, even on cloudy days. Remember to reapply every two hours and more often if you’re swimming or sweating. Don’t forget areas like your ears, neck, and the top of your feet.

Protective Clothing and Accessories

Wear wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses with UV protection, and clothing made of tightly-woven fabric to shield your skin from the sun. Consider using clothing with a UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) rating for added protection.

Regular Skin Check-ups

Schedule annual skin examinations with a dermatologist, especially if you have a personal or family history of skin cancer. Regular check-ups can help detect skin cancer early, increasing the chances of successful treatment.

In a nutshell, being diligent about sun protection, using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing and accessories, and scheduling regular skin check-ups can make a world of difference in preventing skin cancer.

Spotting the Signs

The ABCDE method provides a simple yet effective framework to help you spot potential warning signs of skin cancer and take timely action. When examining your skin for signs of skin cancer, remember the ABCDE method:

Asymmetry: One half of the mole does not match the other half.

Border: The edges of the mole are irregular, blurred, or notched.

Color: The mole has multiple colors or an uneven distribution of color.

Diameter: The mole is larger than 6mm (about the size of a pencil eraser).

Evolving: The mole changes in size, shape, or color over time.

Make it a habit to routinely check your skin for any concerning changes, and promptly seek professional help if you notice any unusual moles or growths.

Self-examination and Professional Check-ups

Perform monthly self-examinations to monitor any changes in your skin. Report any suspicious moles or growths to your dermatologist immediately. Early detection is crucial in successful skin cancer treatment.

Preventing Skin Cancer

As we head into the summer months and celebrate National Skin Cancer Awareness Month, remember the importance of protecting your skin from the sun’s harmful rays. Practice prevention by using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and scheduling regular skin check-ups with a dermatologist.

Stay vigilant in spotting the signs of skin cancer and seek prompt medical attention if you notice any changes. Together, we can reduce the impact of skin cancer and enjoy a sun-safe summer.

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